Applications of IoT


The number of IoT consumers are increasing by the day and there is always some company launching a new IoT enabled product. Based on predictions, this trend will only increase in the future.

IoT is already allowing us to share and use valuable information in our daily life and some popular applications of IoT are farming, agriculture, greenhouse, industrial automation, smart buildings and supply chain management.

The way farmers work is being revolutionized by remote farming operations and remote monitoring of livestock enabled by the internet of things (IoT). An application of IoT that should not be underestimated, smart farming is expected to play a crucial role in the economy of predominantly agricultural-product exporting countries going forward.

An example of this IoT application is smart irrigation systems sensing the soil moisture and taking weather into account to ensure that they only water crops when needed, thus reducing the amount of water usage. This is an example of outdoor agriculture application of IoT. An example of IoT application in indoor agriculture would be IoT enabling monitoring and management of micro-climate conditions such as temperature, humidity and light to maximize production.

A farming facility, connected greenhouse incorporates the internet of things microcontrollers, sensors and applications. The technology helps to automate and improve the management of greenhouse. Moreover, sensors can detect radiation, pathogens, and air quality to identify dangerous concentrations early and allow people to evacuate.

Industrial Automation
Perhaps, the most talked about application of IoT today is industrial automation. Industrial automation is empowering industries with sensors, software and big data analytics to create efficient processes and products. Industrial automation is revolutionizing industries by increasing manufacturing efficiency.
Sensors embedded in manufacturing equipment and placed throughout a factory can help identify bottlenecks in the manufacturing process. By addressing bottlenecks, manufacturing time and waste is reduced. Industrial automation enables ‘predictive maintenance’, which is using advanced sensing and analytics to predict exactly when machines will need maintenance. This ensures that machines are serviced only when they need it, which cuts total costs and the time machines spend idle.

Smart Buildings
From enhancing security to reducing energy and maintenance costs, a range of IoT solutions are available to control and monitor connected buildings. IoT enables automated processes that allow you to control the operations of a building from a remote destination. With IoT, you can control a building’s heating, air conditioning, security, lighting, ventilation and other systems.

Supply Chain Management
With IoT, you can track goods and exchange information with suppliers in real time. Offering a range of solutions, IoT is helping optimize packaging, inventory management, quality control, logistics and overall management of the supply chain. For example, by placing RFID or NFC tags on individual products, the exact location of single items in a large warehouse can be shared, thus saving search time and lowering labor costs.
Additionally, by allowing you to know exactly what’s in-stock and what isn’t, IoT ensures that you order new products only when needed. This reduces the cost of keeping extra inventory. Also, smart inventory management eliminates the need to manually check what’s on the shelves, reducing labor costs.

Smart Farming Powered by IoT


Smart Farming Powered by IoT

The 20th century was a great time for advancements in technology for agriculture and farming. The time saw the mechanical innovations of numerous harvesters and tractors. The 21st century has proven to be no different as the technological advancements in agriculture and farming have been constant. The driving force behind increased agricultural yield today is the Internet of Things (IoT).

The use of IoT in agriculture has paved the way for smart farming methods that eradicate any inefficiency and give over all the control to the farmer. The farmer can keep a vigilant eye over all aspects of the yield, and then take necessary actions based on what they deems feasible. The applications that have enhanced the yield we get from farming include livestock monitoring, vehicle tracking, storage checking and many other innovations. The implementation of these methods has been fruitful for farmers as they can detect all anomalies right at their core. Since most farmers have to compensate for the human error when they are farming, the use of IoT would mean that the human error would reduce significantly.

Here we have a few examples concerned with the use of IoT in agriculture.

  • Livestock sensors in place in cattle can notify ranchers of instances when some of the animals have roamed away from the herd. Based on this information, farmers can actually save their animals from roaming into the wild or being attacked by other wild animals in many cases.
  • Soil sensors have led the innovations toward precision farming. These sensors can alert farmers of conditions such as high acidity and other anomalies. The farmer can then address the issue accordingly and form a judgment based on the information. This would lead to the production of better crops after the issue is addressed. Salinity or water logging in soil can reduce the yield of the crop. These factors directly impact the farming that is being done on the land and eventually reduce the yield and make the land useless for farming in the future if action is not taken. By actually knowing what’s going wrong with their land farmers can prepare in advance to compensate for the downtime.
  • The innovation of self-driving tractors has really made work easy for farmers by increasing efficiency. The tractors provide cost reductions by reducing labor costs. Moreover, since these tractors are specifically made for working in the fields, they have a good efficiency associated with them. Besides just aiding farmers in increasing the efficiency of the work done, these tractors also have low maintenance costs.

The years coming up front will see an increase in the use of these technologies as farmers recognize IoT and the opportunities it presents in agriculture.