Applications of IoT


The number of IoT consumers are increasing by the day and there is always some company launching a new IoT enabled product. Based on predictions, this trend will only increase in the future.

IoT is already allowing us to share and use valuable information in our daily life and some popular applications of IoT are farming, agriculture, greenhouse, industrial automation, smart buildings and supply chain management.

The way farmers work is being revolutionized by remote farming operations and remote monitoring of livestock enabled by the internet of things (IoT). An application of IoT that should not be underestimated, smart farming is expected to play a crucial role in the economy of predominantly agricultural-product exporting countries going forward.

An example of this IoT application is smart irrigation systems sensing the soil moisture and taking weather into account to ensure that they only water crops when needed, thus reducing the amount of water usage. This is an example of outdoor agriculture application of IoT. An example of IoT application in indoor agriculture would be IoT enabling monitoring and management of micro-climate conditions such as temperature, humidity and light to maximize production.

A farming facility, connected greenhouse incorporates the internet of things microcontrollers, sensors and applications. The technology helps to automate and improve the management of greenhouse. Moreover, sensors can detect radiation, pathogens, and air quality to identify dangerous concentrations early and allow people to evacuate.

Industrial Automation
Perhaps, the most talked about application of IoT today is industrial automation. Industrial automation is empowering industries with sensors, software and big data analytics to create efficient processes and products. Industrial automation is revolutionizing industries by increasing manufacturing efficiency.
Sensors embedded in manufacturing equipment and placed throughout a factory can help identify bottlenecks in the manufacturing process. By addressing bottlenecks, manufacturing time and waste is reduced. Industrial automation enables ‘predictive maintenance’, which is using advanced sensing and analytics to predict exactly when machines will need maintenance. This ensures that machines are serviced only when they need it, which cuts total costs and the time machines spend idle.

Smart Buildings
From enhancing security to reducing energy and maintenance costs, a range of IoT solutions are available to control and monitor connected buildings. IoT enables automated processes that allow you to control the operations of a building from a remote destination. With IoT, you can control a building’s heating, air conditioning, security, lighting, ventilation and other systems.

Supply Chain Management
With IoT, you can track goods and exchange information with suppliers in real time. Offering a range of solutions, IoT is helping optimize packaging, inventory management, quality control, logistics and overall management of the supply chain. For example, by placing RFID or NFC tags on individual products, the exact location of single items in a large warehouse can be shared, thus saving search time and lowering labor costs.
Additionally, by allowing you to know exactly what’s in-stock and what isn’t, IoT ensures that you order new products only when needed. This reduces the cost of keeping extra inventory. Also, smart inventory management eliminates the need to manually check what’s on the shelves, reducing labor costs.

Smart Connectivity for Legacy Devices


Smart Connectivity for Legacy Devices

Home automation products are host to a lot of attention nowadays. They are easy to connect and can go smart without a hassle. On the contrary, companies face a huge challenge in bringing that same connectivity to the legacy devices they have installed from a decade ago. Many of these legacy devices have a lot of value that they can still fulfill if they can transition into the smart world.

The Barriers

Almost 85 per cent of the devices in use within the workplace are isolated and seemingly unconnected. This presents a barrier in industrial automation as the move to smart connectivity is impeded by this. These devices tend to have a long life span and still have many years of value remaining in them.

Experts have identified two basic barriers that come in between the connectivity of legacy devices. The first issue that arises is often called as the data problem. This issue delves on the concern that once connectivity and efficiency are ultimately achieved, there may exist an opportunity to collect greater amount of data than what can be managed by the infrastructure. Companies have to evaluate concerns regarding data flooding and how they can stay on the safe side of this problem to avoid problems.

The second barrier that comes while connecting these devices to IoT is the OT/IT gap. The players taking part in each of these fields come from diverse cultures and varied attitudes towards the notion of change in technology. People in operational technology often purchase expensive hardware that stays in place for the decades to come. However, those in IT are used to updating technology whenever something better comes out.


A solution to this hindrance in industrial automation is to use gateways. These gateways can be attached to existing devices to add value for securing, filtering and aggregating their data. The implementation of the gateway means that there are endless opportunities to prevent failures and create a variety of new services. The gateway should be intelligent and must have sufficient processing power to fulfill its role.

An example of this concept could be wind farm operators, who have leveraged their legacy devices to automatically manage the generation of power. Turbines can easily monitor the spot price of energy and can control the shut-off button based on the parameters for price. This automated setup follows the concept of industrial automation and helps farmers lower costs, increase profits and avoid penalties that come with overproducing energy. They system also detects all anomalies and alerts the operators when there is a need for a maintenance check.

In regards to the OT/IT we mentioned above, it is imperative that data from our physical world should be available at all times to the Cloud for bridging the gap between these diverse fields.